All electromagnetic radiation except visible light (a very narrow band) is invisible. Invisible radiation includes radio waves, infrared, UV, microwaves, and gamma radiation. In addition, alpha and beta radiation as well as “”cathode rays” – all of which are streams of particles – are invisible.
Noteworthy neither invisible radiation is completely invisible to the human eye. A related topic is that of cosmic-ray visual phenomena, in which astronauts can see flashes of light, which are presumably due to individual cosmic-ray particles interacting with their eyes. Researchers believe that these light flashes perceived specifically by astronauts in space are due to cosmic rays (high-energy charged particles from beyond the Earth’s atmosphere), though the exact mechanism is unknown.
Detection of Invisible Radiation
Detectors of ionizing radiation consist of two parts that are usually connected. The first part consists of a sensitive material, consisting of a compound that experiences changes when exposed to radiation. The other component is a device that converts these changes into measurable signals.
In their basic principles of operation, most detectors of ionizing radiation follow similar characteristics. Detectors of ionizing radiation consist of two parts that are usually connected. The first part consists of a sensitive material, consisting of a compound that experiences changes when exposed to radiation. The other component is a device that converts these changes into measurable signals. All detectors require that radiation must deposit some of its energy in sensitive material that forms part of the instrument. The radiation enters the detector, interacts with atoms of the detector material and deposits some energy to sensitive material. Each event may generate a signal, which can be a pulse, hole, light signal, ion pairs in a gas, and many others. The main task is to generate sufficient signal, amplify it and to record it.
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